Do you wonder why your house gets dusty so fast?

Do you have something like this in your attic?

Do you feel like your house is always dusty, in spite of how much you vacuum and clean? Have you tried all the tricks – HEPA vacuum cleaners, air cleaners, taking your shoes off before coming in the house, washing the dog…. all to no avail?

Chances are good that you’re being plagued by a leaky duct and air handling system.

When you have leaks in your ducts (virtually all duct are leaky) dust from the attic gets sucked into the ducts and distributed throughout the house. Even if you have an excellent filtration system on your air handler, the dust can be sucked in from places that don’t get filtered, and blown into your home, usually leaving fine gray dust everywhere.

Before you call in a heating/cooling (HVAC) contractor, there are a few steps that you can take yourself.

Warning: working in an attic can be dangerous. Many attics don’t have proper floors. Numerous people have taken bad steps and fallen through the ceiling, often resulting in serious injury or death.

Assuming you are comfortable working in the attic and can safely access the duct work and air handling system, here are some things to check:

  1. Ensure that the air filter port is sealed air-tight.
    At least  10% of the systems I see look like the one in this picture. The air filter port is open and an over-sized filter is sticking out the side. Not only does this rob you of 20%-50% of your system’s efficiency(!) and cause the air to get extremely dry in the winter, but it sucks nasty, dusty attic air into the system where it is blown throughout the house. Fix this simple problem  (get the right sized filter and tape over the port) and you will see immediate energy savings and probably a much less dusty home.
  2. the duct "boot" has a big gap

    Check your air registers around your house
    Your home’s air registers should mostly be clean. If some are much dustier than others, this is a sign of leaks near that particular register. Sometimes it will be a leaky duct leading to it, other times it may be the register itself is poorly attached to the ceiling, providing a gap right into the attic. I’m always suspicious when I see a really dusty register.

  3. On a cold and windy day, turn off your forced air system (air conditioner, heat pump or furnace) and see if you can feel a cold breeze coming from any of the air registers in the house. The duct system is supposed to be completely sealed, so you should never feel really cold air blowing in. You might feel cool air drifting in due to the ducts being cold, which causes the cool air to “drop” out of the ducts. But if you can correlate cold air blowing in with wind outside, you’re sure to have leaks. The more of a breeze you feel, the closer you are to the leak.
  4. Poorly attached duct

    Look around the attic to see if any ducts are visibly detached or “askew”, particularly at registers and ducts that failed test #3 above.
    These can be hard to find, but sometimes it’s pretty obvious. All the ducts should be nearly and strongly attached at both ends – where it leaves the main trunk lines and where it feeds the ceiling registers or air returns.
    I’ve seen cases where the ducts have totally fallen off and are just lying on in the insulation.
    Note: special tools and adhesives are used  to connect ducts in a permanent fashion. Do not attempt to repair these problems with “duct tape”! – this tape will fail and you’ll be left with leaky ducts again. Instead, industrial strength zip-ties and tensioning tools are used along with a sealant called “mastic.”

  5. Sometimes problems are hidden in walls
    You might not be able to find any problems in the attic but the problem could still lie in your ducts. Many duct systems run through walls and hidden cavities in your home. It is even common  practice to use naked wall cavities without ducts! Contractors will just pick a wall, ceiling or floor cavity and run air through it. This horrible practice really shouldn’t be permitted because it causes so many problems.
    This type of problem you probably can’t find yourself. A trained infrared thermographer (often an energy auditor or building scientist) may be able to locate the problem, but sometimes it can be very difficult.
  6. Beware of Vermiculite
    Some older homes have Vermiculite insulation in the attic. These homes should not be tested using a blower door or duct blaster and you should not poke around in this material because it may contain asbestos. Not all Vermiculite contains asbestos, but this is definitely a case of “better safe than sorry.”

I started this post saying that you shouldn’t call in your HVAC contractor and I’ll finish it by saying the same thing. Many HVAC contractors are not trained to find these leaks. Think about it – who created these leaky ducts in the first place?

As a building science / energy consultant, I’m biased because I’m an independent consultant, and I recommend that you use someone who is also independent to diagnose your issues. They might fix them as well or they recommend a high-quality HVAC contractor whom they know to do good work. They will also have special equipment like a “blower door” and a “duct blaster” that allows them to quantify the leakiness of your ducts much more quickly and accurately than someone without these tools. In fact, without at least a blower door, it will be very difficult to even find many duct leaks.

Fixing duct leaks can help make your house much less dusty and it has the side effect of making it more comfortable and energy efficient. This is one of those things that you’ll wish you had done years ago because it can make your house more enjoyable to live in every day of the year.


“Why does house get dusty when heat on and not with ac on?”

Occasionally, weird things happen. If you’ve gotten this far, you know that the dust is usually sucked in and distributed by the duct system. If that’s so, then how does the above situation occur?

There one possibility that comes to mind – moisture.

During the summer, the cold coils in the air conditioner are covered with water – this is the summer moisture getting drawn out of the air. When the dusty air moves through the coils, much of this dust could be trapped by that water. This would lead to much less dust when the air conditioner runs than when the heat is on.

“Does an energy audit show why there is so much dust in the house?”

Someone else asked this question. The answer is “maybe.”

If the energy audit is a comprehensive review of your home, done by a competent technician, then yes, the audit should be able to show why your home is dusty. To make sure, you should tell your auditor that you’re having a dust problem and you’d like some help finding out why. If they look confused and don’t suggest issues like the ones mentioned in this post, you should probably find a different auditor!

“Why is the air so dry in the winter?”

What does dry air have to do with a dusty house? Possibly everything!

If your duct system is sucking dusty air in from the attic, it will also suck in the very cold, dry air from the attic. When that dry air enters your house, it sucks up the moisture from your home like sponge, resulting in very dry air. That’s why an uncomfortably dry home in winter is a giveaway that the home is very leaky.

Keep in mind that the dry outside air could be coming from anywhere. If you have leaky windows and doors and a drafty house, it’s also going to be uncomfortably dry. That said, nothing dries out a house faster in winter than a leaky duct system that’s sucking in cold, dry outdoor air.

110 thoughts on “Do you wonder why your house gets dusty so fast?

  1. i have dust everywhere. I live in a 1950s cape cod.. I have new flex ducts and feeds running in my attic / crawl spaces.Last spring the dust was so bad i replaced all the duct work i described. The dust got even worse ! ?. Then an auditer came out and sugeested a sealant company to spray and seal my leaky ducks and feeds even though they where not to bad per his audit.But he couldnt figure out the excessive dust either. I then had my hvac feeds and ducts vapor sealed to a minimal level.. MY DUST IS EVEN WORSE NOW!!!!!! Im lost plese help. I am a clean freak an having lung problems and need this fixed.

    • Wow, that sounds terrible!
      A couple questions:
      Are the air supply covers (registers) really dirty?
      Where is the air handler (the furnace and fan) located? Is that a dusty environment?
      When they tested the ducts, did they thoroughly check out the furnace?
      Does your furnace filter get dirty quickly? A good pleated filter under heavy use should last a few months.
      Has anyone determined what type of dust it is? This could give significant insights into where the dust is originating.
      Is the dust worse in some rooms than others?

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  4. Thanks so much for this article. I live in a condo/apartment with an electric heat pump and get no dust UNTIL I run the heat/AC (even after having my ducts cleaned). Also when the system is off, air comes out of my registers – even harder when it’s windy outside. My air is SUPER dry, and worst of all, my system majorly struggles to heat my place when it’s < 30 degrees outside. I’ve had 3 HVAC contractors who all say nothing’s wrong with the heat pump itself, so I’m desperate to find a solution. I’ve spoken to other tenants in the building who don’t have these problems (we all have our own heat pump + independent ducts).

    Not sure if this is relevant, but my heat pump is on my balcony in its own closet. The back of the closet is my building’s brick wall facade with some sort of grill on it. Could outside air be coming in through that grill or is just a normal component?

    But it sounds like I should find someone who can check for leaky ducts. The problem is my entire duct system is encased in drywall. If leaks are determined, would ALL the drywall need to be torn down to find the origin of the leaks or..? Thank you!

    • From your description, you have a severe leak in your duct system. A properly installed duct should have no air coming out of it when the system is running and definitely shouldn’t be affected by a windy day. This would also explain your dust problem – as air moves through the ducts, it sucks in dust from wherever the duct is leaking.
      If you’re lucky, the leak will be where the air handler is located. There should be two main duct attachments – one that sucks air in from the apartment and one that blows it out to the apartment. The connection for the return air (sucking air) will often be right where the filter inserts. Check to ensure that everything there is sealed up good and air tight. You can get metal tape for this purpose at a hardware store. Just clean the surfaces and apply the tape, making sure it sticks well.
      If you’re unlucky, the leak will be hidden in walls or in the attic. Regardless, you definitely have a duct leak that should be addressed. In addition to being unhealthy, it is robbing you of money because the system’s efficiency can be seriously degraded.

  5. We built our home in 2007- well Wick built our home.. we do live on a gravel road with low traffic. I noticed we have a lot of dust… our previous home was also on a highly driven gravel road and we had much less dust. We had our basement walls and ceilings dry walled this past year to see if that would help with the dust situation but it hasn’t. I can dust 1 day and vacuum and the very next day it is like I haven’t dusted at all. So instead of ranting on and on… what can we do with all the ceilings and walls finished to alleviate this problem ? Need Advice

    • Do you have a forced air heating /cooling system? Those are prone to dust problems because if the ducts have any leaks, they can suck in lots of gunk from the attic or basement. How do your system air filters look? Do you have to replace them often? Normally, they should be good for a few months.

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  7. Hello, you mentioned in your article not to call and HVAC right away. instead call a consultant. can you tell me what kind of consultant? and how much does it usually cost? thank you

    • I look for an independent home energy consultant who is independent of any of the other trades. You can find them by looking for energy auditors and narrow the list by looking for people who specialize in trouble-shooting. That’s important. Many energy auditors just have a check-list they go through for the standard items. If you’re trying to solve a specific problem, like a dusty home, this requires homing in quickly on the source of the problem then recommending a specific solution that you can take to a contractor.

      You’ll want to be very specific in your questions and directions. Let them know that you’re looking to find a solution to the problem and ask them what steps they will take to solve them. Their answers should fall in line with the discussion in the article.

  8. We live in a mobile home which has no attic, however there is an old, non working central A/C system beneath the floor. Could this be the source of the layers of dust that build up on everything every single day here?

    • Definitely. Check out the ducts underneath and see if there are any leaks. Especially on the air intake side. This could be sucking in dirt and blowing it all around the inside.

  9. Hi, As with everyone else, dust collects quickly in my Bedroom. In an effort to stop the layer of dust that accumulates every 4 days, I have sealed up the hvac duct and closed the windows, using my in wall air conditioner. I have 2 hepa filter units and a ceiling fan. Every 4-7 days the 2 hepa cleaners, the AC and the fan are full of dust. My door is always closed and is sealed up around the edges with that foam insulation that sticks to the wall. There is also a door sweep. Where in the world is all the dust coming from.? Thank you

    • Wow, you’ve got me stumped. Sounds like you’ve hermetically sealed your bedroom!
      Is there anything “different” about the construction of the bedroom? Is the ceiling normal sheetrock/plaster? Do you have recessed lights? Any other signs of where the dust might be getting into the room?

      Maybe someone else will have some ideas.

      • Have any pets? Most of your so-called dust just might be dead skin called dander that floats around. Many people also think it might be the carpet but if you have a nylon carpet it looks like fish line and will not see it collecting on anything. Dander will look like a white powder when vacuum up.

  10. Hi, we just moved in a new house built in March this year (2016). I started noticing the grey dust almost immediately. I clean and dust and then 2 days later another layer of this fine grey dust has formed. We had an independent inspection and said everything was great. No mention of leaky ducts. I have 2 little girls. Now I’m afraid of all this dust we are breathing. Ps we live in Tomball, TX

    • I would definitely have someone else check the air conditioning ducts again. It’s an involved process that someone has to have the right equipment for in order to test. In a nutshell, they’ll connect an industrial fan up to the system and seal off all the vents. This will let them know exactly how much the ducts are leaking. Then they’ll have to track down where the leaks are and then seal things up to prevent further leakage.

      Is your air conditioner’s air handler in the attic? If so, what type of insulation do you have up there? That will be very informative. If you have cellulose insulation in the attic, it’s shredded paper, typically gray, and creates exactly the type of dust you’re talking about.

    • was Your house built by DR Horton? My Husband & I just bought a house in spring, Tx. & We are having the same problem that You mentioned. Did You find a solution to Your problem. I have called My home warrenty people but waiting to get an appointment. In the meantime I am wiping up dust constantly in Our bedroom.

  11. I live in Windsor CO, and just east (<5miles) of the Rockies. I live in a RANCH house built in 2012 -seems well build (3500sqft ranch), cold air return(s) are duct-ed BUT all centrally located in the house, and at the ceiling(s) – with heat registers at the floor near most windows (standard). As we know, the air is very dry in CO the winter. When the wind blows in the winter (and at times it gusts >50 mph, I get a LOT of very very fine dust (cannot see a strand). I have a HEPA filter on the gas furnace. I am assuming the wind residue is finding a way in, HOWEVER, curtains do not move, furnace filter is not showing excessive accumulation(s), and I have tried running the furnace fan continuously during any excessive wind, doesn’t do much. The basement gets much less dust than main floor. All this lead me to believe that the house itself is leaking, not the HVAC. But if I run the furnace fan continously, why is that no picking up this intrusion dust? Any comments, ideas?

    • I wonder if there’s some characteristic of the dust that prevents it from getting up to your ceiling mounted air returns, hence the relatively clean filter.
      For example, “normal” dust is largely very light substances – skin, etc. Maybe this wind blown dust in your area is more like rock dust. This might have a tendancy to spread around the houe but falling more rapidly to the floor rather than be sucked up in the return air vents. That’s just my WAG (wild *** guess).
      As for the source, one thing you can do is walk the house with an incense stick, or something else like that that produces smoke, during one of these windy periods. The smoke will drift on any wind currents, allowing you to zero in on where the air is moving through the houe.
      A few places to check:

      • Around window and door frames
      • Along the baseboard where the floor meets the wall
      • At the fireplace if you have one
      • (after turning off the furnace)At the floor air supplies

      My guess is you’re going to find a lot of air motion coming out from where the floor meets the exterior wall. In my ranch home, this was surprisingly leaky. It’s the one place that often gets neglected and can be hard to seal due to expansion/contraction of building materials.
      If it turns out that there is a gap at the floor-wall intersection, you can stuff it with appropriately sized foam backer rod. You want something pliable that will conform to different sized gaps.
      If it’s not that, then there’s a chance that it’s getting sucked in the supply ducts. While counterintuitive, air moving through a duct tends to suck air in at gaps under the right conditions. This would then suck in the dust and disperse it throughout the houe without necessarily being caught by the filter on the air return. To test this, you might try installing some air supply register filters. These are relatively coarse filters that fit into your air supply register. Any fine filter would block the air flow. I would only do this as a short term test to see if the filters get dirty. They should stay clean since it’s filtered air being supplied, but if there’s leaks in the system, then they’ll get dirty.
      It’s also possible that air is bypassing the filter. A lot of furnaces have pretty leaky air handlers around the filter. This is probably a lower probability but still possible.
      That should help you track down the problem. Let me know how it goes.

  12. Thanks for your very informative article. Unfortunately, our problem with severe dust appears to be due to #5 in the piece. We have a new home (completed 9/14) and the builder apparently used naked walls for all of the air returns instead of duct work. We have a huge amount of dust on our hardwood floors daily and have to change our furnace filter frequently (it’s a hybrid heat pump/forced air natural gas). Is there anyway to correct this problem after the fact?


    • That’s unfortunate – they’re not supposed to do that anymore without lining the wall cavities to prevent problems. If I were you, I’d contact the local building officials to find out what the code is in your area. If code doesn’t allow this type of construction, you may have legal recourse with your builder to have them pay the bill to retrofit the ductwork so that it’s done properly. But note that it IS allowed in many areas. See this document for more details.

      Otherwise, there’s probably some sheetrock work involved so they can open the walls and install properly sealed return ducts.

      One other possibility worth investigating is Aeroseal:
      This system pressurizes your system and injects an aerosolized glue into it. Wherever there’s a leak, the glue gets in the cracks and seals it up. This would at least help to seal up the wall cavities and should reduce dust problems but I’d speak with them to determine if it is feasible in your situation. Note that I have heard of some disasters with Aeroseal installers not being careful and allowing the sealant to escape into the house, covering everything with the sealant so definitely ask for reference for your specific Aeroseal contractor and ensure that they’ve done a quality job for others. Just like you’d do for all contractors – there are good and bad.

  13. One place that is often overlooked is the attic hatch – the push-up access panel leading to your attic. More often than not, these panels are a poor fit and don’t have any insulation on top of them. This condition allows breezes blowing through your attic to push dust and insulation debris into the conditioned space. I found this out through personal experience and wound up designing and patenting a product. It’s the easiest and least expensive product of its type on the market. Please check it out at

  14. We live in a 4plex built in the early 60’s. The furnace is in the lower part of the duplex. We have hot water baseboard heating. The dust is so bad in our apartment its unbearable. We also have black dust up our walls in each room. Any ideas?

    • My first question is, what type of fuel does the furnace use? By any chance is it fuel oil?
      I ask this because oil is prone to burning dirty leaving black residue. If this is the cause of your black dust in the house, it could indicate a leaking chimney or flue from the furnace. This could also be pumping carbon monoxide into your home.
      With any combustion system Weatherby propane, natural gas, or fuel oil, you want to ensure that you have fresh carbon monoxide detectors in multiple locations around the house. Carbon monoxide is extremely hazardous and has led to many deaths and illnesses. I don’t want to scare you with this because it may very well be just simple dust, but I would be remiss in my duties if I didn’t warn you of this possibility.
      Another possibility for dusty homes that I covered in my article is leaky ductwork from the furnace. Furnaces are extremely efficient at distributing dust around the home, sucking in dirt in one part of the duct and blowing it into your home through the air supplies. Check your air filter often and ensure that it is clean. If it clogs up rapidly, that is an indication of either leaky ducts on the input side or a home that has a major dust problem from other sources.

  15. Will someone please explain to me the attic concept? I live in an apartment…the lower unit of a two unit building. My furnace is in the basement and the upper unit furnace is in the attic. People posted that attic insulation could be the source of dust from leaky ducts, but my ducts wouldnt reach the attic, correct? Would it be dirt and dust from the basement and wall cavities that is making my apartment dusty, and how do i fix that? It IS an older apartment and i have noticed a couple registers very scummy compared to others…so what does all that mean?

  16. I rent a one bedroom loft, I’m almost ashamed that I’ve waited over 2 years to be concerned about the amount of dust that I’ve been breathing, while doing deep cleaning I’ve find everything is saturated with thick dust, it’s coming from the combo washer dryer, I’ve consistently been cleaning, been having lots of trouble with my eyes being extremely dry, I think it’s from all the dust, I discover how it’s all over my hanging clothes, I though by just cleaning would solve it, but now I’m reading I believe something is leaking or not closed off right causing all this dust I’m breathing over 2 years now, once the landlord cam and did something replaced filters but it never went away, so now I’m gonna call him and get him out here to take care of this issue once and for all, I will not use the clothes dryer anymore untill this is solved. Anyone with advice I surely welcome

    • How is the dryer vented? Does it dry clothes OK or does it take a long time? I think your idea of not using it for a while to see if that helps is good. If it’s still dusty when you aren’t using it then the problem is something else.

    • I would look for a company that has RESNET certification, such as this one:

      There’s another energy auditor certification called BPI, but I’ve found RESNET to be more rigorous and the energy professionals are usually independent contractors whereas many of the BPI rated contractors are heating contractors too and that can lead to conflicts of interest. I’m not saying that it’s bad, just that RESNET is better.

      You can also contact your local building compliance office, where you get building permits, and ask them if they know of any independent energy professionals to help you with your problems.

      Here’s the RESNET website

      You can find local professionals on this page:

      good luck!

  17. Brand new duct work ran under house…….only one room gets dusty….the room where the intake is which gets extrmley dusty alonng with the walls etc close to the register and the room that has the register with the least air blowing out of it…….after reading your information would I be correct to surmise that the duct work to the register is loose…..not fitted right…..and therefore blowing in filthy air?
    Please help and your right don’t count on the ac guy! Clueless! Thank you so much for your help!

    • It certainly sounds like leaky duct problems. If the feeds for those registers are accessible, they should be inspected.
      There are duct leakage tests that you can have done. If you contact an energy auditing company and ask about this, they should be able to do the test.

  18. I strongly suspect most of my dust comes from toilet paper, Kleenex and paper kitchen towels along with dust stired up when shaking and folding clothes. Also I think a greater level of humidity would help keep outdoor dust at bay and less wiill come into the house.

    I have a very large 3 room capacity Hepa filter placed between the kitchen and the living room and a custom “Air Sponge” furnace filter. My vacuum cleaner is equiped with a Hepa exhaust filter. I’ve placed filters inside of all the AC/heat registers.
    I live in a 730 sq. ft. upstirs apartment facing a beautiful wild green belt in Rocklin, California and have no pets. Allergies are not my problem. Dust just likes to cover everything and requires weekly removal. If I could just learn to love dust . . . .

    I often think about moving to the central Oregon Pacific Coast

  19. Am not an engineer but feel entitled to an opinion and also question.! I respect and disagree with my HVAC guy re source of grey dust bunnies on filter. He says it’s the dryer, I say attic insulation, which is off white/cream color is being drawn into system, changed by common dust to a consistent grey. I say if dryer dust, it would reflect color of clothes being dried. They’re generally NOT grey in color!!

    • Unless you’re venting your dryer into the house, I don’t see how it could be dryer dust. That simply doesn’t make sense to me. But perhaps he knows something he hasn’t told you, like the dryer duct is leaking into the house? Has he explained how the dryer lint which is going outside is working its way into your house to be sucked back into the HVAC filter?
      One thing to remember is the dust collected by the filter is almost always gray since it’s a collection of all the different colored hair, skin, clothes dust etc. So it can be quite difficult to determine the exact cause of the dirty filter without more detailed analysis.

    • Kenny,
      Since the odors and eye-watering started at the same time as the renovations, it certainly seems like they’re related. Especially if you think they didn’t properly connect the ductwork and you’re smelling odors from other units – those are all bad signs.
      If you sense that some of the fumes are coming in through your bath vent, perhaps you could just leave your bath fan on full time. While it’s not optimal, that would blow air out the bathroom causing fresher air to get sucked in to your apartment from elsewhere. It’s not a perfect solution but as a stopgap it might help.
      If the issues are that serious, the only other recourse you may have is to have the air professionally tested. You could then go to management with the air test report and ask for remediation. Once you have a paper trail and professionals involved, you’re much more likely to get satisfaction from the owner – the last thing they want is a lawsuit. The air test will also give an objective measure to what is in the air which might make it easier to diagnose the problem. Often eye stinging is caused by chemicals, like cleaning solutions. The test will show if there are VOCs (volatile organic compounds) in the air or high mold content etc.
      Given the severity of your issue, I think this may be your only recourse.

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